Managers, engineers and government: The emergence of the mutual organization in the European aerospace industry
|Title||Managers, engineers and government: The emergence of the mutual organization in the European aerospace industry|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||1988|
|Authors||Koenig, C., and R-A. Thietart|
|Secondary Title||Technology in society|
For more than two decades, the European aerospace industry has gone through a number of collaborative ventures to establish or regain a defendable competitive position on world markets. Some of these ventures have been marred by a host of organizational, financial and commercial problems, while others have demonstrated the ability of firms from different countries to band together to undertake complex, risky projects. Both failures and successes provide useful lessons as to the management of international macroprojects. The purpose of this paper is two-fold. First, the authors investigate the rationale for collaborative structures in the context of the European aerospace industry and, in particular, the emergence of what are called "mutual organizations." Secondly, they draw lessons from the management of these macro-projects and assess the roles of corporate strategies, technology, and international relations. For this dual purpose, they rely on four case studies: two civil aircraft projects (Concorde and Airbus) and two space organizations (ESRO and ELDO, the ancestors of the European Space Agency).