Changing Technology and National Career Structures: The Work and Politics of French Engineers
|Title||Changing Technology and National Career Structures: The Work and Politics of French Engineers|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||1991|
|Secondary Title||Science, Technology & Human Values|
This article compares the work, careers, and social values of French engineers employed in traditional and science-based industries. Based on field research and 129 interviews in a metal-working factory and an electronics firm, it first presents a critique of three influential approaches to technical workers: the theories of professionalization, proletarianization, and a "new working class." It then develops the central argu ment : that market situations—especially markets for technical skills—have greater explanatory power than usually recognized and that the evolving structure of technical careers is a nationally distinctive product of society-specific educational and employment institutions.