Moral Responsibility, Technology, and Experiences of the Tragic: From Kierkegaard to Offshore Engineering
|Title||Moral Responsibility, Technology, and Experiences of the Tragic: From Kierkegaard to Offshore Engineering|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2012|
|Secondary Title||Science and Engineering Ethics|
|Keywords||Deepwater Horizon, engineering, ethics, Kierkegaard, Moral responsibility, technology, Tragedy|
The standard response to engineering disasters like the Deepwater Horizon case is to ascribe full moral responsibility to individuals and to collectives treated as individuals. However, this approach is inappropriate since concrete action and experience in engineering contexts seldom meets the criteria of our traditional moral theories. Technological action is often distributed rather than individual or collective, we lack full control of the technology and its consequences, and we lack knowledge and are uncertain about these consequences. In this paper, I analyse these problems by employing Kierkegaardian notions of tragedy and moral responsibility in order to account for experiences of the tragic in technological action. I argue that ascription of responsibility in engineering contexts should be sensitive to personal experiences of lack of control, uncertainty, role conflicts, social dependence, and tragic choice. I conclude that this does not justify evading individual and corporate responsibility, but inspires practices of responsibility ascription that are less ’harsh’ on those directly involved in technological action, that listen to their personal experiences, and that encourage them to gain more knowledge about what they are doing.